IBB Speaks to THISDAY, Affirms Statement, Says Nigeria Needs New Breed of Leaders
Former military President, General Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida
•Says Buhari has right to contest, but era of ‘analogue’ leadership is over
•Backs restructuring, decries rising insecurity, disappointed in APC ‘change’ mantra
•PDP hails former military leader, presidency, APC keep mum
Following the confusion that arose from a counter-statement purportedly issued by former military president, Gen. Ibrahim Babangida yesterday retracting an earlier statement in the day, in which he called for a new generation of leaders to assume the mantle of leadership in the country come 2019, the retired military general spoke exclusively to THISDAY saying that his “original statement still stands”.
Babangida said the second statement was issued by friends and had nothing to do with him, but expressed concern that his initial statement issued by his media aide, Mr. Kassim Afegbua, had been misrepresented by the media.
According to him, what his statement titled, “Towards a National Rebirth,” emphasised was for a new breed of leadership to emerge through the electoral process, but was not intended to deny President Muhammadu Buhari his inalienable right to vote and be voted for in the 2019 elections.
He was emphatic that his statement did not counsel Buhari not to contest the 2019 elections as depicted by media houses in their headlines yesterday.
Also, enquiries from sources close to Babangida revealed that the confusion arose due to the pressure mounted by the former military ruler’s son, Mohammed, on his father to retract the first statement and issue a toned down version.
Indeed, the sources informed THISDAY that the second toned down version was not signed by the Babangida but his son who simply appended the retired general’s name to the revised statement.
But when Babangida got wind of what had transpired, he instructed Afegbua to reach out to media houses reaffirming the validity of the first statement.
In his original statement yesterday, Babangida said that he did not write a letter to Buhari but was just sharing his thoughts with “fellow compatriots on the need to enthrone younger blood into the mainstream of our political leadership starting from 2019”.
Babangida said the search for the new breed leadership must start now as Nigeria prepares for 2019 election.
According to him, “In the fullness of our present realities, we need to cooperate with President Muhammadu Buhari to complete his term of office on May 29th, 2019 and collectively prepare the way for a new generation leaders to assume the mantle of leadership of the country.”
Babangida stressed that he was offering the advise as a stakeholder, former president and concerned Nigerian who was desirous of seeing “new paradigms in our shared commitment to get this country running”.
“While saying this also, I do not intend to deny President Buhari his inalienable right to vote and be voted for, but there comes a time in the life of a nation, when personal ambition should not override national interest.
“This is the time for us to reinvent the will and tap into the resourcefulness of the younger generation, stimulate their entrepreneurial initiatives and provoke a conduce environment to grow the national economy both at the micro and macro levels.
“Contemporary leadership has to be proactive and not reactive. It must factor in citizens’ participation. Its language of discourse must be persuasive not agitated and abusive. It must give room for confidence building. It must build consensus and form aggregate opinions on any issue to reflect the wishes of the people across the country.
“It must gauge the mood of the country at every point in time in order to send the right message. It must share in their aspirations and give them cause to have confidence in the system,” he said.
Continuing, the former military president maintained that modern leadership was not just about “fighting” corruption, “it is about pluggin”.
“Accountability in leadership should flow from copious examples. It goes beyond mere sloganeering. My support for a new breed of leadership derives from the understanding that it will show a marked departure from recycled leadership to creating new paradigms that will breathe fresh air into our present polluted leadership actuality,” he added.
Babangida noted that his intervention in government more than 30 years ago was not by accident, recalling that his administration at the time had a clear-cut agenda on what needed to be achieved.
Babangida, coincidentally, overthrew Maj.-Gen. Muhammadu Buhari in a bloodless coup in August 1985 and ruled Nigeria from 1985 to 1993.
“My intervention in the governance process of Nigeria wasn’t an accident of history. Even as a military government, we had a clear-cut policy agenda on what we needed to achieve.
“We recruited some of the best brains and introduced policies that remain some of the best in our effort to re-engineer our polity and nation. We saw the future of Nigeria, but lack of continuity in government and of policies killed some of our intentions and initiatives.
“Even though we did not provide answers to all the developmental challenges that confronted us as at that time, we were not short of taking decisions whenever the need arose,” he said.
The former military ruler said the next election in 2019, therefore, presents Nigeria with a unique opportunity to reinvent the wheel and provoke fresh leadership that would immediately begin the process of healing the wounds in the land and ensuring that the wishes and aspirations of the people are realised in building and sustaining national cohesion and consensus.
According to him, “Having been privileged to preside over this great country, interacted with all categories of persons, dissected all shades of opinions, understudied different ethnic groupings; I can rightfully conclude that our strength lies in our diversity.
“But exploring and exploiting that diversity as a huge potential has remained a hard nut to crack, not because we have not made efforts, but building a consensus on any national issue often has to go through the incinerator of those diverse ethnic configurations.”
Babangida added that he has had cause for concern when politicians visited him to inform him about their aspirations, noting that the country needs new ways of doing politics and what obtains at present was not helping the country.
“What you hear in terms of budgetary allocations for electoral contests does not cover voters’ education but very ridiculous sub-heads. A typical aspirant in Nigeria draws up a budget to cover the INEC (Independent National Electoral Commission), police, army and men and officers of the civil defence, instead of talking of voters’ education, mobilisation and sensitisation.
“Even where benchmarks are set for electoral expenditure, monitoring and compliance are always difficult to adhere to. We truly need to reform the political system. And we must deliberately get fresh hands involved for improved participation.
“We need new ways and new approaches in our political order. We need a national rebirth. We need a rebranded Nigeria and rebranded politics. It is not so much for the people, but for the institutions that are put in place to promote our political engagements.
“We must strengthen the one-man one-vote mantra. It is often ridiculous for me when people use smaller countries in our West African sub-region as handy references of how democracy should be. It beggars our giant of Africa status,” he said.
Babangida also revealed that in the past few months and weeks, he had played host to many concerned Nigerians whom he said have continued to express legitimate and patriotic concerns over the state of affairs in the country.
According to him, some of them have continued to agonize about the turn of events and had expressed concern as to why Nigeria has not been about to get its leadership compass right as a country with so much potential and opportunity for all.
He said some, out of frustration, have elected to interrogate the leadership question and have wondered aloud why it has taken this long from independence till date to discover the right model on account of the nation’s peculiarities.
He said: “At 57, we are still a nation in search of the right leadership to contend with the dynamics of a 21st century Nigeria.
“Opinions in Nigeria are not limited to the borders of the political elite; in fact, every Nigerian no matter how young or old, has an opinion on any national issue.
“And it is the function of a discerning leadership to understand these elemental undercurrents in the discharge of state responsibilities.”
The former military ruler said that in 2019 and beyond, Nigerians should come to a national consensus that the nation needs a new breed of leadership with the requisite capacity to manage the diversities and jump-start a process of launching the country on the super highway of technology-driven leadership in line with the dynamics of modern governance.
“It is short of saying enough of this analogue system. Let’s give way for digital leadership orientation with all the trappings of consultative, constructive, communicative, interactive and utility-driven approach where everyone has a role to play in the process of enthroning accountability and transparency in governance,” he stressed.
Babangida said he was particularly enamored that Nigerians were becoming more and more conscious of their rights, and their ability to speak truth to power and interrogate those elected to represent them without fear of arrest and harassment.
These, he said, were part of the ennobling principles of a representative democracy.
He said: “As citizens in a democracy, it is our civic responsibility to demand accountability and transparency. Our elected leaders owe us that simple but remarkable accountability creed.
“Whenever we criticise them, it is not that we do not like their guts, it is just that as stakeholders in the political economy of the country, we also carry certain responsibilities.”
The former military head of state said at this point in Nigeria’s national history, the people must take some rather useful decisions that would lead to real development and promote peaceful co-existence among all the nationalities.
“We must be unanimous in what we desire for our country; new generation leadership, result-driven leadership, a sound political foundation, demonetisation of our politics, enhanced internal democracy, elimination of impunity in our politics, inclusiveness in decision-making, and promotion of citizens’ participation in our democratic process,” formed part of his recommendations.
Babangida also spoke on the herdsmen-farmers’ clashes, saying the unchecked activities of the herdsmen have continued to raise doubts over the capacity of the Buhari-led government to handle with dispatch, the security concerns that continue to threaten “our dear nation; suicide bombings, kidnappings, armed banditry, ethnic clashes and other divisive tendencies”.
He said the country must bring different actors to the roundtable, suggesting that government must generate the platform to interact and dialogue on the issues with a view to finding permanent solutions to the crises.
According to him, the festering nature of this crisis (farmers-herders’ conflict) was an inelegant testimony to the sharp divisions and polarisations that exist across the country.
“For example, this is not the first time herdsmen have engaged in pastoral nomadism but the anger in the land is suggestive of the absence of mutual love and togetherness that once defined our nationality.
“We must collectively rise up to the occasion and do something urgently to arrest this drift. If left unchecked, it portends danger to our collective existence as one nation bound by a common destiny; and may snowball into another internecine warfare that would not be good for nation-building.
“We have to reorient the minds of the herdsmen or gunmen to embrace ranching as a new and modern way to herd cattle.
“We also need to expand the capacity of the Nigeria Police, the Nigerian Army, the navy and air force to provide the necessary security for all. We need to catch up with modern sophistication in crime detection and crime fighting.
“Due to the peculiarity of our country, we must begin community policing to close the gaps that presently exist in our policing system.
“We cannot continue to use old methods and expect new results. We just have to constructively engage the people from time to time through platforms that would help them ventilate their opinions and viewpoints,” he said.
On the “change” mantra, Babangida said when the ruling All Progressives Congress (APC) campaigned on the change mantra, he had thought they would device new methods, provoke new initiatives and proffer new ways to addressing some of the nation’s developmental problems.
“In line with her manifesto, one would have thought that the APC would give fillip to the idea of devolution of powers and tinker with processes that would strengthen and reform the various sectors of the economy.
“Like I did state in my previous statement late last year, devolution of power or restructuring is an idea whose time has come if we must be honest with ourselves.
“We need to critically address the issue and take informed positions based on the expectations of the people on how to make the union work better.
“Political parties should not exploit this as a decoy to woo voters because election time is here. We need to begin the process of restructuring both in the letter and spirit of it.
“For example, I still cannot reconcile why my state government would not be allowed to fix the Minna-Suleja road, simply because it is called a federal government road, or why state governments cannot run their own policing systems to support the federal police.
“We are still experiencing a huge infrastructure deficit across the country and one had thought the APC-led federal government would behave differently from their counterparts in previous administrations. I am hesitant to ask; where is the promised change?” he asked.
Babangida said Nigeria remained at a major crossroads at this moment in its history, saying that the choices its citizen have to make as a nation regarding the leadership question of this country and the vision for its political, economic and religious future will be largely determined by the nature or kind of change that Nigerians pursue, the kind of change that all citizens need and the kind of change that they get.
According to him, “A lot depends on our roles both as followers and leaders in our political undertakings. As we proceed to find the right thesis that would resolve the leadership question, we must bear in mind a formula that could engender national development and the undiluted commitment of our leaders to a resurgence of the moral and ethical foundations that brought us to where we are as a pluralistic and multi-ethnic society.
“Nigeria, before now, has been on the one hand our dear native land, where tribes and tongues may differ but in brotherhood we stand, and on the other hand, a nation that continues to struggle with itself and in every way stumbling and willful in its quest to become a modern state, starting from the First Republic till date.
“With our huge investments in the African emancipation movements and the various contributions that were made by our leadership to extricate South Africa from the colonial grip, Nigeria became the giant of Africa during that period.
“But having gone through leadership failures, we no longer possess the sobriety to claim that status. And we all are guilty.
“We have experimented with parliamentary and presidential systems of government amid military interregnum at various times of our national history. We have made some progress, but not good enough to situate us on the pedestal we so desirously crave for.
“It is little wonder, therefore, that we need to deliberately provoke systems and models that will put paid to this recycling leadership experimentation to embrace a new generational leadership evolution with the essential attributes of a responsive, responsible and proactive leadership configuration to confront the several challenges that we presently face,” he noted.
Babangida said that in the in the past few months also, he had taken time to reflect on a number of issues plaguing the country and was frightened by their dimensions.
“I get worried by their colourations. I get perplexed by their gory themes. From Southern Kaduna to Taraba State, from Benue State to Rivers, from Edo State to Zamfara, it has been a theatre of blood with a cake of crimson.
“In Dansadau in Zamfara State recently, North-west of Nigeria, over 200 souls were wasted for no justifiable reason. The pogrom in Benue State has left me wondering if truly this is the same country some of us fought to keep together,” he wondered.
Babangida said he was alarmed by the amount of blood-letting across the land, adding that Nigeria was now described as a land where blood flows like river, where tears have refused to dry up.
“Almost on a daily basis, we are both mourning and grieving, and often times left helpless by the sophistication of crimes.
“The Boko Haram challenge has remained unabated even though there has been commendable effort by government to maximally downgrade them.”
He advised that the battle against Boko Haram be taken to the inner fortress of Sambisa Forest rather than responding to the insurgents’ ambushes from time to time.
He concluded by praying to God to grant Nigerians the gift of good life to witness that glorious dawn in 2019.